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The JRuby platform is an excellent deployment choice for just about any Sinatra application. With its seamless integration to the Java ecosystem your application can immediately benefit from a rock-solid VM that leaves most language platforms drooling for more. Years of engineering efforts in scaling and performance, community-driven libraries and frameworks, and of course truly multi-threaded applications (no green threads, no GILs) are just some of those immediate benefits.

The deployment landscape for JRuby is easy to navigate. You can deploy using Mongrel, Thin (experimental), Webrick (but who would do that?), and even Java-centric application containers like Glassfish, Tomcat, or JBoss. We will discuss just a few of these approaches.

The Basics

There are several ways to install JRuby, but that is beyond the scope of this article. For now, we will assume you are using the excellent RVM , from Wayne Seguin, and proceed from there.

rvm install jruby    # (if you haven't already)
rvm use jruby
gem install mongrel

Create a classic Sinatra application and save it to hello.rb:

require 'rubygems'
require 'sinatra'

get '/' do
        Hello from the
        world of JRuby!

Now, you're ready to fire it up.

ruby /path/to/hello.rb

That's it. Open localhost:4567 in your browser and your Sinatra application should greet you from the wonderful world of JRuby.

Of course, you can use a and rackup as well:

require 'rubygems'
require 'sinatra'
require File.expand_path '../hello.rb', __FILE__
run Sinatra::Application

Then launch app with the following command:


Now go to localhost:9292 and you'll see the same wonderful greeting.

Deployment with Trinidad

Trinidad is a RubyGem that allows you to run any Rack based application within an embedded Apache Tomcat container.

Again, with our example above, you would do the following:

gem install trinidad
trinidad -r -p 4567 -g ERROR

The -g option sets the logging level to error.

Deployment with TorqueBox

TorqueBox is built on the JBoss Application Server. Out of the mouths of the TorqueBox developers themselves:

JBoss AS includes high-performance clustering, caching and messaging functionality. By building Ruby capabilities on top of this foundation, your Ruby applications gain more capabilities right out-of-the-box.

Deployment on TorqueBox is pretty simple, just like the other deployments we've seen so far – it embraces Rake for accomplishing its tasks. For installation help checkout their tutorial.

During the installation of TorqueBox you probably set a JBOSS_HOME variable, if not make sure you have set it like this:

export JBOSS_HOME=/path/to/TorqueBox/jboss

In your Rakefile add this line:

require 'TorqueBox/tasks'

Now, you are ready to deploy your application:

rake TorqueBox:deploy

To deploy a production version of your application:

RACK_ENV=production rake TorqueBox:deploy

To take your application down, you run:

rake TorqueBox:undeploy

TorqueBox also allows you deploy to a non-root context:

rake TorqueBox:deploy['/hello']


That's it. Pretty simple, eh?! There are other players in the field, like Glassfish and Jetty.

Becoming familiar with each of these deployment options, what one offers over the other, strengths and weaknesses, etc. is not an easy task. So here are some basic tips:

  • If your application just needs a rock-solid, easy deployment without all of the enterprise-y bells and whistles that many Java app servers offer you, choose a simple bare-bones JRuby deployment with Mongrel or Jetty with jetty-rackup.

  • If you need highly scalable, clustered deployments consider TorqueBox or Glassfish. Both are solid performers with messaging capabilities built in. TorqueBox may be a simpler approach.

  • If your company or service provider already supports Tomcat, use Trinidad.

If you aren't sure… try all of them. I would suggest spending some effort in writing a benchmark suite so that you have a good comparison of what really matters in the end – performance, memory consumption, disk space, scalability, etc. You could even start with TorqueBox's speedmetal benchmarking suite and craft it to suit your fancy. Read up on TorqueBox's benchmarking efforts at